Marek Brylonek, Military University of Technology, Poland
Integrated, international interventions belong nowadays to the most effective forms of crisis management. An important prerequisite in order to achieve a level of integrity is the presence of civilian capabilities, often represented by law enforcement formations of a police and gendarmerie type. Constructing an effective combination of police, military and other tools for efficient anti-crisis engagement, known as comprehensive approach, is one of the challenges in dealing with the world’s crises. A special role among civilian capabilities has been assigned to police components, very often constituting integral elements of civilian-military interventions or functioning in close cooperation with them. Such components may be deployed in different ways, although they are most frequently used as executive, substituting for local police, or non-executive, strengthening through the conduct of training and mentoring for the benefit of local law and order formations. The author presents theoretical modalities of such deployments illustrated by two practical case studies, NATO ISAF in Afghanistan and EUFOR in the Central African Republic, where police components were integrated in the wider, international interventions. The research conclusions suggest that in the failed or failing states, police will rarely act in stand-alone missions. Because of their efficacy and vision of reaching lasting conclusions, multidimensional, integrated interventions seem to be most appropriate within international crisis management.