Klaudia Cenda-Miedzińska, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Institute of Security Education and Civic Education, Poland

Correspondence: ul. Ingardena 4, 30–060 Kraków, Poland. E-mail:

Health protection of prisoners requires the state to ensure the physical and mental well-being of persons deprived of their liberty, by providing them with the requisite and adequate medical care along with conditions that are consistent with respect for human dignity. A lack of adequate medical treatment can cause the prisoner considerable mental and physical suffering and this can be considered degrading treatment, thus falling under the prohibition of Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which states “No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”. This article presents the system for health protection standards for prisoners developed by the European Court of Human Rights. A total of 51 cases were reviewed. The article includes general principles relating to all prisoners. Moreover, the Author draws attention to specific rules relating to prisoners with chronic illnesses, prisoners with mental health problems, physically disabled prisoners, and prisoners suffering from drug withdrawal syndrome.